Peru was founded on July 28, 1821, when it declared its independence from Spain. The process of gaining independence was led by José de San Martín, who is considered one of the heroes of Peruvian independence.
Before gaining independence, Peru was a Spanish colony, and it was known as the Viceroyalty of Peru. The Viceroyalty of Peru was one of the largest and most important of the Spanish colonies in South America, and it included territories in what are now Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru.
The struggle for independence in Peru began in the early 19th century, and it was part of a larger movement for independence in Latin America. After several years of fighting, Peru declared its independence on July 28, 1821, and established itself as a sovereign nation.
Since gaining independence, Peru has undergone many changes and challenges, but it has remained a vibrant and diverse country with a rich cultural heritage. Today, Peru is a popular destination for travelers from around the world, and it is known for its beautiful landscapes, rich history, and delicious cuisine.
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